Bioenergy Timeline

Year by which a suite of fossil fuel alternatives (including electric batteries, biofuels and natural gas) could meet demand for transportation fuel in Europe, according to a European Commission expert group report released in 2011.[1]

Year by which investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency will begin to pay off, according to a World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) report released in 2011.[2]

Target year set by the Department of Energy to displace 30 percent of gasoline demand (2004 levels) in the United States with biofuels, primarily ethanol.[3]

In 2030, some 14 percent of U.S. electricity may be derived from biomass, according to the U.S. Department of Energy (as of 2010).[4]

Target year set by the “25x’25 coalition” [5] for renewable energy to reach 25% of total energy use in the United States.
Target year set by the government of the US state of Iowa to achieve “energy independence”[6]

By 2025, meeting demand for wood-fueled power plants in the United States was estimated (in 2010) to require clearing “46,000 square miles of forests — an area the size of Pennsylvania.”[7]

Target year for annual production of 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels in the United States under the Renewable Fuel Standard, as called for in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (with a limit for corn-based ethanol of 15 billion gallons per year).

European Union targets call for 10% of fuel use to be met by biofuels[8] and for 20% of total energy use to come from renewable sources.[9]
United Kingdom targets call “for one-fifth of total energy supply to come from renewable sources” [10] and for 30% of electricity to be generated from renewable sources.[11]

Target year announced by the aviation industry for annual consumption of 3 billion gallons of biofuels.[12]

Target year for China to have 13 million hectares devoted to biofuel plantations.[13]

Target year announced by USDA Secretary Vilsack in 2009 for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the U.S. dairy industry by 25 percent.[14]
Target year under California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (adopted 2009) for reducing California’s greenhouse gas emissions, through reducing the carbon intensity of fuels on average by 10 percent.[15]

Target year (as of 2010) for the “Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves [to] provide 100 million clean-burning biomass cookstoves”.[16]

Target year for the U.S. “Navy to use alternative energy sources to provide 50 percent of the energy for all its war-fighting ships, planes, vehicles and shore installations.” [17]


Year by which “cellulosic biofuels” potentially may become commercially viable, according to a 2008 UN FAO/OECD study.[18]
Year by which over one-third of U.S. corn output might be used for ethanol production, according to the Department of Agriculture.[19]