Category:Policy implementation

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Overview of the EU Directives

Overview of the two European Union Directives.
Renewable Energy Directive (RED)

  • The Renewable Energy Directive sets mandates for the use of renewable energy in the European Union. This includes a mandatory target for European Member States that 10% of energy in land transport should be from renewable sources by 2020. This renewable energy could be in any form, such as hydrogen or electricity, but it is widely expected that the bulk of the target will be met by the use of biofuels. The Directive includes sustainability criteria (mirrored in the Fuel Quality Directive) that put a minimum threshold on the direct emissions savings from biofuels based on a lifecycle analysis methodology described in the directive, and define categories of high biodiversity and high carbon land that must not be converted for biofuels production. The Directive puts an obligation on European Member States to enforce both the overall targets and the sustainability conditions, and so the legal requirements on economic operators may vary from Member State to Member State. See Renewable Energy Directive.

Fuel Quality Directive

  • The Fuel Quality Directive includes a mandatory target that the carbon intensity of transport fuel supplied in Europe should be reduced by 6% in 2020 compared to the baseline. It is anticipated that the bulk of this saving will be achieved with biofuels, but electric vehicles and other low carbon vehicle technologies may also be important. There may also be recognition available for reduced emissions intensity from fossil fuel supply, such as by reduced flaring emissions. The 6% target is intended to be achievable by any economic operator supplying all of its mandated 10% renewable energy under the Renewable Energy Directive as biofuel with an average carbon saving of 60%. See Fuel Quality Directive.

Implementation in each member state

The Renewable Energy Directive and Fuel Quality Directive do not directly affect fuel suppliers in the European Union, but must be implemented by each member state separately. While each member state must meet the criteria of the RED and FQD, they may do so differently and may add additional criteria of their own. Thus, each member state has a unique policy implementation regarding renewable fuels. This wiki aims to provide a central online repository for up-to-date information on these differing implementation schemes of each EU member state.

Status of member state pages

Just like Wikipedia, the success of this BioenergyWiki depends on the support of the community. Please contribute any information you have regarding renewable fuel policy implementation in the EU.

Below is the current status of the member state pages:

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